Primitive Technology: Planting Cassava and Yams


In this video I build a garden to grow Cassava and yams, two staple food crops. Cassava is a shrub that develops large edible roots. Yams are a climbing vine that produce large, edible underground bulbs and smaller aerial bulbs on their vines. 
I had 5 huts, but the wattle and daub hut (from the first video uploaded on this channel nearly 2 years ago) became dilapidated. I abandoned it in favour of the other huts I built and neglected the roof. This let water in destroying a wall. Also, the sweet potato patch behind it had a tree fall across it destroying the fence. So I demolished them both to make one large garden.
After removing the fence I set a fire under the fallen tree to burn it in half rather than spend the effort of cutting it with stone tools. After burning almost all the way through, it rained. So I came back later and cut through the rest of the log with stone tools. I eventually broke the tree in half. Using smaller logs as levers I moved the tree out of the garden clearing the space for the garden.
I then collected wood and built a simple fence that was woven loosely together with vine. The fence needs only to discourage large animals from entering to prevent them causing damage. Most times pigs and wallabies don’t know that food is growing in the garden and won’t try and enter if they see no reason to. Or at least that worked for the sweet potatoes so we’ll see if it works this time.
For the yam and cassava planting material I travelled far down stream to the site of my old stone hut that I built over 10 years ago. It had a corbelled dome roof that was damaged when a tree fell on it during a cyclone and it came down a few months later. The thick walls however have stayed standing for about a decade though. 
Yams and cassava grew wild at this site which is one of the reasons I built the stone hut there. These plants are not native to Australia but grow wild here after having escaped from people’s gardens (similar to how wild pigs live here now after escaping from farms). The planting material for the yams are the bulbs that grow on the vines. The planting material for cassava are simply 25 cm long pieces of stem.
On returning to the garden, a scrub turkey was seen digging in the mounds. Protected by law, this bird has lost its fear of humans and in this case I’ve semi-domesticated it. Originally it was attracted to soil I dug up for the worms it exposed. I started leaving a pot out with small sweet potatoes in it for it to eat and now it investigates any pottery I leave for food. Now it visits my projects and will only leave if bored or chased away. I suppose this is similar to how chickens were domesticated, in fact bush turkeys and chickens are related and will produce hybrid offspring. 
 Unfortunately, it has learned that the garden contains food. Originally, I was only going to plant yams but I saw the turkey digging them up and eating them. So, I planted cassava in the mounds so that the turkey would be discouraged by finding only wooden stems to peck at. I secretly planted the yams along the fence of the garden because the turkey only thinks the mounds contain yams. They can’t smell very well and only find food by sight and learned behavior. 
I planted the cassava in mounds 1 meter apart by pushing them flat into the soil. I planted the yams at intervals along the fence so they could use it as a trellis. 32 cassava stems and 12 yams were planted. Then a storm began and watered the garden. In less than a week the cassava had sprouted shoots and began to grow. The yams will take longer as I planted them deeper.
Cassava produces the most calories per time and space of any plant apart from sugar cane and sugar beet. But it requires much less fertiliser and effort. A hectare of cassava produces enough calories in 2 days to sustain a person for 1 year. It takes a year to come to harvest but will stay in the ground for a year without becoming woody. The tubers are high in starch and are what tapioca is made from. 
This variety is called sweet cassava (actually not bitter cassava, it doesn’t taste sweet but starchy instead) and it needs to be boiled for 20 minutes to get rid of some cyanide it contains. The bitter variety contains such high levels that it kills if eaten raw and requires more extensive treatment to eat. There isn’t much nutrition in cassava other than the large amount calories it contains so other food would be required to provide protein and nutrients.  
After I harvest the cassava I planted I’ll try fermenting it (which adds nutrition), drying it and pounding it into flour to make flat bread. Cassava flour has the same energy content as wheat flour, stores well and tastes somewhat similar. Or I could just cook it and eat it straight from the garden. I’ll use the yams like potatoes when they’re ready.

Kalep Arafura
Impressive mate can I ask you where you learnt your gardening skills? It seems like you must of learnt them through travelling through New Guinea, as we use very similar methods in New Guinea , particularly in the Southern part where the climate is quite similar to Australia.
kee up the good work mate.
Could I suggest mulching your mounds with grass to keep the water in and fertilize the soil as it breaks down. Also I'd recommend to you try growing the cassava in rectangular mounds opposed to circle ones, which are better suited to sweet potato.
Another drought tolerant crop I'd recommend is paw paw. Aibika, kangkung and bananas are also good ones to grow particularly in the wetter areas.
👍👍 good onya, mate.
respect.
MrDupraSupra
this is like playing survival mode on any game but on hardcore
IndiPanda
0:29 Hellow darkness my old friend.............
Ler Ba Nu
make more it good vide
paul jayunga
When you a plenty of time to do some shit things! Good for you # lol
Diogo Bras
Primitive Tech, have you ever considered starting a small civilisation?
GalderIncarnate
Woah, what happened to your tiled hut? Dear god you put a lot of effort into that thing!
bananaboat30plus
Filmed in Australia
TheOffice112
I was sad when the sweet potato patch got destroyed
dinh
You're handsome! =) Single?
Damian Tran
Should change the channel name to "4million subs, not 1 word said"
Eric Widder
Beyond fun to watch you do all of this, and you edit it so well!
1 Minute Ago
Damn that's a really smart way to move trees
TackStash779
I really want to see the bloopers and fails of this series. I bet their hilarious xDD
Squirrel s
Which forest are you doing this in and where?
Crazy Archer
I'm surprised the old kiln came down so easily.
I'd expect it to be much stronger, given the amount of heat it received.
Deal with It gaming
does he live there?
231MasseyFerguson
I wanna see the harvest!
Omar Fahmy
Why is this guy such a fucking legend
Neymar Jr
2 million subs in 7 months
JloopPreo 777
Rip Hut 2016-2017(maybe)..
Nikolay G
меняемся, меня туда а Вас к нам ? тропики на сибирь ? делов то 1-1 краш тест, и кто сможет а кто нет, реалити тест ! нон стоп, но медик но км-стоп !
Nikolay G
самый модный робинзон, хотя и в тепле через одного смогут выжить, прошу приехать в сибирь, прожить год и рискнуть на такой же проект, а меня с отправить в те же джунгли одного и просто так.
FrunacePlayz78
Minecraft In Real Life LITERALLY!
Joe Peatfield
Would the destroyed stone hut now be a good source for stone? or is it too far away from the new buildings/ there are closer quality sources to be of much use?
孔子
after a hurricane, comes a rainbow
Andry H.
this pic at the end of the vid 😍😍
Joe Dassin
4:39
how to basics



and you know...
Hassan Elbardini
he should kill the bird
Richard Geoffrey
i just wats how to make a camfire for 1 minute and i love this video
杨开洪
小哥,我來這裡看你來啦,麼麼噠
NANO X
wow good
Kyle Frazer
The beginning is like watching a real-life Harvest Moon/Stardew Valley.
Jayne Cornwill
do you live in Australia
Tom Riddle
I feel as though you've been to engineering school. Some of the things that you mention in the captions are very familiar to some of my knowledge gathered during my engineering degree. I wouldn't be surprised.
Marian Mihaita
1:59 to 2:01 :)))) and 4:46 to 4:53 :)))))))
TopDoggie
The only channel without clickbait.
Derek Cisneros
I just imagine a random person stumbling upon what this man has created, they would be like "woah it's from like, the old times" and Primitive technologies finding them hanging out around it one day and explaining what he does to the people
SuperEpicTimmy
First minute of the video,i was like 'Caveman,a new start.'
FireStyle21
How often do you come across a snake while doing this stuff?
Giang Võ
dat chicken 4:45 :v
EdgyMemeLord
He is fucking mad at that tree hitting and burning the shit out of it rippo
BGTY YOLO
I think u should make a hoe or well
Роман Бодня
Почему он мясо с огорода прогнал? Мог бы сьесть.
Elenilson Lopez
I feel so stupid watching this guy he is awesome just watching 1 vid makes me feel stupid
Matu Chernicoff
pos me caso
REYN H. STUDiOS
The ending clip was so epic! Like a grayscale photo with the plant colorized, haha! Love these videos, man.
Jimmy Joe
Daaammmnnn. He moved the entire tree with one single body. That's pretty sick.
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