Primitive Technology: Water powered hammer (Monjolo)


I built a water powered hammer called a “Monjolo” (see also karausu (からうす) on google images). I started by making a water spout from half a hollow log to direct water from the creek. This was set up in the creek and water flowed through it. The hammer was made from a fallen tree. I cut it to size by burning it at the points I wanted it cut (to save effort chopping). Next I carved a trough in one end to catch falling water. This was done first with a stone chisel that was then hafted to an L–shaped handle and used as an adze. This adze only took about an hour to make as I already had the chisel head and cordage made of bark fibre to bind it with.
To save further effort carving I used hot coals from the fire to char the wood in the trough. I put the coals in using “chopsticks” (unused arrow shafts) to transfer them from the pit. The coals were fanned or blown with a wooden blowpipe till the wood in the trough burned. Then the char was scraped out. The sides of the trough were sealed with clay to make sure the wooden sides did not burn away which would effectively decrease the volume of the trough. This was approximately 8 hours work over two days.
With the trough carved I made a hole in the middle of the log as a pivot point. Using the same char and scrape method I burnt a hole right through the log using hot coals and a blow pipe. Again clay was used to prevent wood burning where it was wanted. To burn through the approximately 25 cm diameter log it took about 4 hours and 30 minutes. Another hole was burnt in the end to fit the wooden hammer head and it took a similar amount of time. 
A tripod lashed with loya cane was set up at the water spout. The axel of the hammer was tied to one leg, the hammer fitted onto the axel and the other end of the axel tied to another leg. The trough was positioned under the waterspout to collect water and the tripod adjusted so that the resting point of the hammer was horizontal (so water wouldn’t prematurely spill out of the trough).
The trough filled with water, outweighed the hammer head and tilted the hammer up into the air. The water then emptied out of the trough (now slanting downwards) and the hammer then slammed down onto an anvil stone returning to its original position. The cycle then repeated at the approximate rate of one strike every 10 seconds. The hammer crushes small soft types of stone like sandstone or ochre. I carved a bowl into the anvil stone so that it would collect the powder. I then crushed old pottery (useful as grog for new pots) and charcoal. Practically speaking, this hammer worked ok as a proof of concept but I might adjust it or make a new one with a larger trough and bigger hammer for heavy duty work.
This is the first machine I’ve built using primitive technology that produces work without human effort. Falling water replaces human calories to perform a repetitive task. A permanent set up usually has a shed protecting the hammer and materials from the weather while the trough end sits outside under the spout.  This type of hammer is used to pulverise grain into flour and I thought I might use one to mill dry cassava chips into flour when the garden matures. This device has also been used to crush clay for porcelain production. A stone head might make it useful as a stamp mill for crushing ores to powder. It might pulp fibres for paper even.
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TonyMacaroni
This nibba be livin' in 10,200 BC while we're livin' in 2017
Hell blade Flame
Same
MicioEnderDragon
warning: YOU WILL BE BANNED FROM THE SERVER
REASON:AFK FARMING
David Lewis
I bet you are a demon in bed
Ken Mcqueen
I wish there is more people like this CREATIVE AND SMART
Nhicoles Adan
The true Minecraft Master :O
Flame InWater
Ești roman?
cat meow IFR FEIEREISEN
That is really cool how that person does it but who is he incredible what that guy can make in the wild
Humberto Leon
Jenny: Hey dude! Whats your survival kit gonna be?

Me: Oh, im gonna call this guys phone number. Apparently he can create an HD camera using primitive Technology!

Jenny: ......
Christian Cacacho
He is good and good survival.
Lachlan Zyp
Make a mortal and pestle
Arda Durdağı
Is that forest yours
Jennie Jefferson
A powerful video, I just given this onto a colleague who was doing somewhat analysis on this. And he actually purchased me breakfast because I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! But yeah Thnkx for spending the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love studying more on this topic. If doable, as you grow to be experience, would you thoughts updating your video with more details? It is highly useful for me. Huge thumb up for this youtube channel put up!
Hogas Nigga
your a genius!
SlavsFromRomania
Ești Român ?!🇹🇩
Булат Афлятунов
Its everything awesome,but i dont really understand what this thing for,i am a bit dumb,sorry
Oyunlar Havada
Türkmüydün la sen 😂
zygazygazombie.
make an auto wood chopper
numb /DsN
ししおどし
PRO YT HUN
you ar homeless?
LKV Kero
fan việt nam đâu ời
Ikram Esezov
спасибо за видео
Skylos Foxtrot
Water machine
이승주
한국인모여랑
BG Gameplay
Vida no acre
IATBFTITW IATBFTITW
This guy from the mayan civilization or something?
I could watch these for hours! Its genius!
Sully Deeb
How did you build the camera
Kek the Destroyer
Far Cry: Primal 2 crafting is looking pretty badass.
DOGE BOI
how was he smoking a cigarette with a stick
NerfNet Chaotic
he is allstraleyan
Made of Legos
Turn ON Closed Captioning
He's been talking to us this whole time!
Philip Wortman
every 13 seconds
Acineto Tutoriais
🇧🇷
Cyber Bully Fun
I love you
Sovereign Shahid
woah I have never seen anyone cut up a log with fire, sure its inconvenient but mesmerizing
Hayden Anderson
Did he get bernd
83flumy
jetzt hast du so viele abos und haust so wenige videos raus .ist echt traurig.
Alan Reiki
Master! You don´t need anything, you don´t need nobody. :)
90 29
これ、ししおどしなのか?
hunter marlow
dad you spent a week building that?
yes Jimmy but just think about all the walnuts I can crack now!
you're allergic to nuts dad.
shut up Jimmy I put too much effort into this for it not to be worth it.
JackTube 258
Why did he do that thing in the water with that windmill type thing?
Imad Iked
Well this was a waste of time.
TYRHYS TV
Cave men technology
Corbin Morton
how is he uploading this?
Juuzou
does he just live out there or what



this man is a fucking genius
Lucy Morgan
1:30

No saw? No problem!
ironicfornoreason
This man is more smart than most adults today
RusselGaming1234
So u live in the woods
Saosaq Ii
This machine perfect for grounding beef?
Liquid Seth
I'll be that guy.. This one is trash. Almost everything else you've done has had some real amazing practical applications. But this? OK Yeah cool, let's come back in 3 days and we've got some smashed clay/coal that we could've done ourselves with a rock in 3 min. Gtfoh
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